Table Of Contents
Table Of Contents

Measuring End-to-end Delay


In this example we explore the end-to-end delay statistics of applications.

INET version: 4.4

The Model

The end-to-end delay is measured from the moment the packet leaves the source application to the moment the same packet arrives at the destination application.

The end-to-end delay is measured by the meanBitLifeTimePerPacket statistic. The statistic measures the lifetime of the packet, i.e. time from creation in the source application to deletion in the destination application.


The meanBit part refers to the statistic being defined per bit, and the result is the mean of the per-bit values of all bits in the packet. When there is no packet streaming or fragmentation in the network, the bits of a packet travel together, so they have the same lifetime value.

The simulations use a network with two hosts (StandardHost) connected via 100Mbps Ethernet:


We configure the packet source in the source hosts’ UDP app to generate 1200-Byte packets with a period of around 100us randomly. This corresponds to about 96Mbps of traffic. Here is the configuration:

network = EndToEndDelayMeasurementShowcase
description = "Measure packet end-to-end delay"
sim-time-limit = 1s

# source application ~96Mbps throughput
*.source.numApps = 1
*[0].typename = "UdpSourceApp"
*[0].source.packetLength = 1200B
*[0].source.productionInterval = exponential(100us)
*[0].io.destAddress = "destination"
*[0].io.destPort = 1000

# destination application
*.destination.numApps = 1
*[0].typename = "UdpSinkApp"
*[0].io.localPort = 1000

# enable modular Ethernet model
*.*.ethernet.typename = "EthernetLayer"
*.*.eth[*].typename = "LayeredEthernetInterface"

# data rate of all network interfaces
*.*.eth[*].bitrate = 100Mbps


The traffic is around 96 Mbps, but the period is random. Thus, the traffic can be higher than the 100Mbps capacity of the Ethernet link. This might result in packets accumulating in the queue in the source host, and increased end-to-end delay (the queue length is unlimited by default).

We display the end-to-end delay, we plot the meanBitLifeTimePerPacket statistic in vector and histogram form:


The uptick towards the end of the simulation is due to packets accumulating in the queue.

Sources: omnetpp.ini, EndToEndDelayMeasurementShowcase.ned


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